Copyright Policy

Terms and Conditions of Use

Unless otherwise indicated, this Web site and its contents are the property of Apex Publishers and/or its subsidiaries, affiliates, or assigns (collectively "Apex"), and are protected, without limitations, pursuant to U.S. and foreign copyright and trademark laws. By accessing this Web site, you agree to the following terms and conditions. If you do not agree, you have no right or license to access this Web site and you should not do so.

The works made available on this Web site are protected by United States copyright laws and are provided solely for the use of instructors in teaching their courses and assessing student learning. Dissemination or sale of any of these works, as a whole or in parts (including on the World Wide Web), will destroy the integrity of such works and is not permitted. All users of these materials and visitors to this Web site are expected to abide by these restrictions and to honor the intended pedagogical purposes and the needs of other instructors who rely on these materials.

You may cite or refer to information drawn from Apex Publishers Online in books, online services, or other media, but except as provided below, you may not reproduce or distribute such information in whole or in part without the prior written permission of Apex.

Individuals and companies wishing to promote Apex books may download and use Apex book images, book descriptions, indexes, tables of contents and reviews/endorsements as well as any other promotional copy from Apex Publishers Online provided that (i) such information is not modified, and (ii) any copyright notice originally included with such information along with this notice is placed in all copies. Additionally, individuals may print out one personal copy of the articles and other content from Apex Publishers Online.

Written permission is required for all other uses. To request permission, please go to the Permissions Guidelines page for more information.